Quick Lessons from the Catechism: Euthanasia and Suicide

By now most people have either heard or read about the decision by Brittany Maynard to end her life on November 1. A decision that makes me shack my head every time I think about it. For me, the question is, what could possibly make someone choose to take his/her life in this way?

If it were I in this situation, I would want to suck every ounce of life, as if it was a ripe piece of fruit, before I left this vale of tears. Spending it with my family and friends in prayer and enjoying them would be the primary goal for me. That’s me, I love life and the struggles and the joys that life brings. Life is such a precious gift from God.

Committing suicide, and yes that’s what she did, would never cross my mind. Some might argue that you couldn’t know this for sure unless you were in the situation, but that’s an argument full of straw. I know who the Author of Life is and know that life is precious, even in the most tragic situations. It’s absurd to think that the dignity every human person possesses says it’s okay to take your own life. It’s a terrible product produced by our modern culture and needs to be eradicated.

So with this being said, what does the Catechism of the Catholic Church teach on Euthanasia and Suicide? In the section focusing on the Fifth Commandment – “You Shall Not Kill”, the Catechism focuses on the means of ending the sacredness of life.

In regards to Euthanasia…

CCC 2276: Those whose lives are diminished or weakened deserve special respect. Sick or handicapped persons should be helped to lead lives as normal as possible.

CCC 2277: Whatever its motives and means, direct euthanasia consists in putting an end to the lives of handicapped, sick, or dying persons. It is morally unacceptable.

Thus an act or omission which, of itself or by intention, causes death in order to eliminate suffering constitutes a murder gravely contrary to the dignity of the human person and to the respect due to the living God, his Creator. The error of judgment into which one can fall in good faith does not change the nature of this murderous act, which must always be forbidden and excluded.

CCC 2278: Discontinuing medical procedures that are burdensome, dangerous, extraordinary, or disproportionate to the expected outcome can be legitimate; it is the refusal of “over-zealous” treatment. Here one does not will to cause death; one’s inability to impede it is merely accepted. The decisions should be made by the patient if he is competent and able or, if not, by those legally entitled to act for the patient, whose reasonable will and legitimate interests must always be respected.

CCC 2279: Even if death is thought imminent, the ordinary care owed to a sick person cannot be legitimately interrupted. The use of painkillers to alleviate the sufferings of the dying, even at the risk of shortening their days, can be morally in conformity with human dignity if death is not willed as either an end or a means, but only foreseen and tolerated as inevitable Palliative care is a special form of disinterested charity. As such it should be encouraged.

In regards to Suicide…

CCC 2280: Everyone is responsible for his life before God who has given it to him. It is God who remains the sovereign Master of life. We are obliged to accept life gratefully and preserve it for his honor and the salvation of our souls. We are stewards, not owners, of the life God has entrusted to us. It is not ours to dispose of.

CCC 2281: Suicide contradicts the natural inclination of the human being to preserve and perpetuate his life. It is gravely contrary to the just love of self. It likewise offends love of neighbor because it unjustly breaks the ties of solidarity with family, nation, and other human societies to which we continue to have obligations. Suicide is contrary to love for the living God.

CCC 2282: If suicide is committed with the intention of setting an example, especially to the young, it also takes on the gravity of scandal. Voluntary co-operation in suicide is contrary to the moral law.

Grave psychological disturbances, anguish, or grave fear of hardship, suffering, or torture can diminish the responsibility of the one committing suicide.

CCC 2283: We should not despair of the eternal salvation of persons who have taken their own lives. By ways known to him alone, God can provide the opportunity for salutary repentance. The Church prays for persons who have taken their own lives.

In the end, as the above paragraph states, we must pray for Brittany. I would also encourage you to pray for others like her who believe in taking their life is a dignified way to die. Pray that our society reconciles itself with the understanding that all life – healthy, sick, and at death, is precious and comes from God the Father.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 thoughts on “Quick Lessons from the Catechism: Euthanasia and Suicide

  1. Great education Tom. I would submit that euthanasia is the by-product of a society that does not understand the suffering of Christ on the Cross. Christ shows us through His Passion and ensuing Resurrection that suffering has redemptive purpose. If we unite our suffering to His Cross, we can also share in that same joyous rebirth.

    As members of the body of Christ, we are also called to help each other as we join in the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross. In Evangelium Vitae, JP2 reminds us of this truth by citing Galatians 6:2: “Bear one another’s burdens, and thereby fulfill the law of Christ.”

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