Quick Lessons from the Catechism: Truth, Beauty and Sacred Art

In recent days, I have had the privilege to view some new sacred art recently created in Northern Italy. To say that this art is beautiful would be the understatement of the month. As a child and adolescent growing up in the Catholic Church, I was subjected to some grim churches and art. It was as if we were trying to destroy truth, beauty and sacred art and replace it with relativism, ghastly, and ugly modern art.

In a time when the fruits of the Second Vatican Council are coming to fruition, let us also reap the bountiful beauty of the Church’s sacred art and allow our parishes to be filled with art that reflects the Holy Trinity, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the Communion of Saints. Catholic Churches should represent the Heavenly Kingdom and not the lower levels of the Inferno.

Stain Glass Window in Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Cottonwood, AZ

Stain Glass Window in Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Cottonwood, AZ

So what does the Catechism of the Catholic Church teach on sacred art?

In paragraph 2513, it states: The fine arts, but above all sacred art, “of their nature are directed toward expressing in some way the infinite beauty of God in works made by human hands. Their dedication to the increase of God’s praise and of his glory is more complete, the more exclusively they are devoted to turning men’s minds devoutly toward God” (SC 122).

To read more on sacred art in the Catechism, please see paragraphs 2500-2503. I would also check out The Foundation for Sacred Arts and the June 23, 2014 article from Catholic News Agency.

Interior of St. Joseph Catholic Church in Jasper, IN.

Interior of St. Joseph Catholic Church in Jasper, IN.

“Mondays with Mary” – 7 Quotes by Pope St. John Paul II on Our Lady of Sorrows

Today in the Western lung of the Catholic Church, we celebrate a great Marian feast known as Our Lady of Sorrows. This traditional devotion, which helps us understand Mary’s role in the suffering of Our Lord Jesus Christ began in 1814 by Pope Pius VII, although many of the Church Fathers and other saints wrote on how Mary is united with Christ in his suffering and how we are to suffer with Christ as well. For a more complete understanding of this feast, please read my post on the topic from a previous “Mondays with Mary.”

Knowing my love and devotion for the Blessed Virgin Mary as well as Pope St. John Paul II, who also had a great devotion to the Our Lady, I provide you seven quotes from the great 20th century Pope and Saint focusing on Our Lady of Sorrows. These quotes come from letters, addresses, homilies, and papal audiences.

Blessed John Paul II

It’s my hope that you will share this blog post with your family and friends as well as take some of these quotes and use them on your social media sites.

1. “Together with Mary, let us seek to be sharers in this death which brought forth fruits of “new life” in the Resurrection: a death like this on the cross was infamous, and it was the death of her Son! But precisely there, at the foot of the cross, “where she stood, not without a divine plan,” did not Mary realize in a new way everything that she had already heard on the day of Annunciation?”

2. “Turn your eyes incessantly to the Blessed Virgin; she, who is the Mother of Sorrows and also the Mother of Consolation, can understand you completely and help you. Looking to her, praying to her, you will obtain that your tedium will become serenity, your anguish change into hope, and your grief into love. I accompany you with my blessing, which I willingly extend to all those who assist you.”

3. “‘When a woman is in travail, she has sorrow, because her hour has come; but when she is delivered of the child, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a child is born into the world’ (Jn. 16:21). The first part of Christ’s words refer to the “pangs of childbirth” which belong to the heritage of original sin; at the same time these words indicate the link that exists between the woman’s motherhood and the Paschal Mystery. For this mystery also includes the Mother’s sorrow at the foot of the cross – the Mother who through faith shares in her Son’s amazing “self-emptying”: ‘This is perhaps the deepest ‘kenosis’ of faith in human history.”

4. “The Exultet of Easter tells us that he is “the light which knows no decline,” “qui nescit occasum”! Seek the light of the soul. Through it, suffering united with that of our Lord and of the Virgin Mary at the foot of the cross opens the way to eternal life, for oneself and for others.”

Our Lady of Sorrows.Carlo Dolci

5. “‘Together with Mary, Mother of Christ who stood beneath the cross, we pause beside all the crosses of contemporary man and we ask all of you who suffer to support us. We ask precisely you who are weak to become a source of strength for the Church and humanity. In the terrible battle between the forces of good and evil revealed to our eyes by our modern world, may your sufferings in union with the cross of Christ be victorious.’”

6. “‘Standing by the cross of Jesus was hit mother’ (Jn. 19:25). The Virgin, with her mother’s grief, participated in a quite particular way in the Passion of Jesus, cooperating deeply with the salvation of mankind. Like Mary, each of us can and must unite with the suffering Jesus in order to become, with his own pain, an active part in the redemption of the world which he effected in the Paschal Mystery. With these wishes, may my comforting blessing, strengthened by Mary’s motherly help, accompany you and those who lovingly assist you in daily offering.”

7. “Today’s liturgy makes use of the ancient poetic text of the sequence which begins with the Latin words Stabat Mater:

‘By the cross of our salvation/Mary stood in desolation/While the Savior hung above/All her human powers failing,/Sorrow’s sword, at last prevailing,/ Stabs and breaks her heart of love…/Virgin Mary, full of sorrow,/From your love I ask to borrow/Love enough to share your pain./Make my heart to burn with fire,/Make Christ’s love my own desire,/Who for love of me was slain.’

The author of this sequence sought, in the most eloquent way humanly possible, to present the “compassionof the Mother at the foot of the cross. He was inspired by those words of Sacred Scripture about the sufferings of Mary which, though few and concise, are deeply moving.”

Our Lady of Sorrows…Pray for us. Pope St. John Paul II…Pray for us.

This blog post is dedicated to the Saint John Paul II Facebook Group, founded 2nd May, 2011. May we all through the power of the Cross and the intercession of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary and our beloved Pope St. John Paul II, pray for the many great sufferings occurring in the world today. 

Quick Lessons from the Catechism: The Sacrament of the Eucharist

This week at the parish I work at in Arizona, my Pastor and I began a five-week study on the Catholic Mass for the parents in our Family Faith Formation Program. Because of the large number of children that attend Religious Education, we divide the sessions into four different groups made up of 2 groups per night for two weeks. This means that each group meets every other week.

Knowing the importance of the Catholic Mass and wanting to teach our parents its significance, Fr. Will and I found a great series facilitated by Dr. Edward Sri of the Augustine Institute titled, A Biblical Walk through the Mass. Over the next 3 1/2 months, Fr. Will and I have cleared our calendars and committed to being present at each night with the parents. We will show the video and then take questions in order to help our families have a deeper and more complete understanding of the Catholic Mass. Please say a prayer for all involved.

With this being said, I found this week’s Quick Lessons from the Catechism the perfect opportunity to explain to you what the CCC teaches on the Sacrament of the Eucharist and the Catholic Mass. For a Catholic, the highest form of prayer and worship is the Catholic Mass. I would encourage you to experience the Catholic Liturgy in both the Western and the Eastern Rites.

The Catechism teaches us…

CCC 1406: Jesus said: “I am the living bread that came down from heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will live for ever; . . . he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life and . . . abides in me, and I in him” (Jn 6:51, 54, 56).

CCC 1407: The Eucharist is the heart and the summit of the Church’s life, for in it Christ associates his Church and all her members with his sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving offered once for all on the cross to his Father; by this sacrifice he pours out the graces of salvation on his Body which is the Church.

CCC 1408: The Eucharistic celebration always includes: the proclamation of the Word of God; thanksgiving to God the Father for all his benefits, above all the gift of his Son; the consecration of bread and wine; and participation in the liturgical banquet by receiving the Lord’s body and blood. These elements constitute one single act of worship.

CCC 1409: The Eucharist is the memorial of Christ’s Passover, that is, of the work of salvation accomplished by the life, death, and resurrection of Christ, a work made present by the liturgical action.

CCC 1410: It is Christ himself, the eternal high priest of the New Covenant who, acting through the ministry of the priests, offers the Eucharistic sacrifice. And it is the same Christ, really present under the species of bread and wine, who is the offering of the Eucharistic sacrifice.

CCC 1411: Only validly ordained priests can preside at the Eucharist and consecrate the bread and the wine so that they become the Body and Blood of the Lord.

CCC 1412: The essential signs of the Eucharistic sacrament are wheat bread and grape wine, on which the blessing of the Holy Spirit is invoked and the priest pronounces the words of consecration spoken by Jesus during the Last Supper: “This is my body which will be given up for you. . . . This is the cup of my blood. . . .”

Jesus & Eucharist - EWTN

CCC 1413: By the consecration the transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ is brought about. Under the consecrated species of bread and wine Christ himself, living and glorious, is present in a true, real, and substantial manner: his Body and his Blood, with his soul and his divinity (cf. Council of Trent: DS 1640; 1651).

CCC 1414: As sacrifice, the Eucharist is also offered in reparation for the sins of the living and the dead and to obtain spiritual or temporal benefits from God.

CCC 1415: Anyone who desires to receive Christ in Eucharistic communion must be in the state of grace. Anyone aware of having sinned mortally must not receive communion without having received absolution in the sacrament of penance.

CCC 1416: Communion with the Body and Blood of Christ increases the communicant’s union with the Lord, forgives his venial sins, and preserves him from grave sins. Since receiving this sacrament strengthens the bonds of charity between the communicant and Christ, it also reinforces the unity of the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ.

CCC 1417: The Church warmly recommends that the faithful receive Holy Communion when they participate in the celebration of the Eucharist; she obliges them to do so at least once a year.

CCC 1418: Because Christ himself is present in the sacrament of the altar, he is to be honored with the worship of adoration. “To visit the Blessed Sacrament is . . . a proof of gratitude, an expression of love, and a duty of adoration toward Christ our Lord” (Paul VI, MF 66).

CCC 1419: Having passed from this world to the Father, Christ gives us in the Eucharist the pledge of glory with him. Participation in the Holy Sacrifice identifies us with his Heart, sustains our strength along the pilgrimage of this life, makes us long for eternal life, and unites us even now to the Church in heaven, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all the saints.

For an even more extensive understanding of what the Catechism teaches on the Sacrament of all Sacraments, I would encourage you to read CCC 1322-1405.

The video below has been used in some of my other blog posts before focusing on the Holy Eucharist and the Priesthood, but it never gets old. If you need a video to fire you up about the Catholic Mass, this would be it. Please take the time to share this blog post and video with your family and friends on your social media sites.

Jesus in the Most Holy Sacrament of the Altar…Protect us and Keep us Safe. Our Lady of the Most Blessed Sacrament…Pray for us. Amen.

“Mondays with Mary” – 12 Means of Honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary in Her Childhood

Today in the Catholic Church, we commemorate the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. A glorious day that focuses on the birth of the immaculate woman who would conceive and bear the Messiah, the Christ, the Word of God Incarnate – Jesus Christ. Although we study, reflect, and focus our attention mainly on Mary’s role in Salvation History from the moment of her fiat, her “Yes” to God, we must remember that the Blessed Virgin Mary was also a child.

The school of Mary’s childhood provides for us lessons in obedience, purity, innocence, humility, and simplicity. In her childhood, Mary displays the perfect ideal to all of humanity on how to be a child of God. In commemoration of this Marian feast, I draw upon the 17th century document from Saint John Eudes titled, The Wondrous Childhood of the Most Holy Mother of God.

St. John Eudes writes on this part of Mary’s immaculate life for two reasons: first, unlike Eve who was created as an adult, he praises the notion that Mary was born as a child and lived and grew in childhood. As a daughter of Adam, the blood that flows through her veins also flows through our veins. She is the highest creature of the human race. Mary is our sister in Christ as well as our Mother leading us closer to Jesus. Second, the kingdom of heaven belongs to the innocence of children – “theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” As Christians, we must hear the Gospel with joy and become like little children.

Now let us turn to the 12 Means of Honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary in Her Childhood. These twelve means, a unique devotion to the Mother of our Redeemer will provide a multitude of blessings for those who make use of them.

1st Means: “Exhort all Christians to this devotion, in preaching, in teaching catechism and in familiar conversation. I conjure all preachers, all catechists, all priests and religious, by the ardent zeal of Our Savior has for the honor of His most worthy Mother, to lose no opportunity, especially upon feasts of the Blessed Virgin, of making very particular mention of this devotion” [Excerpt due to length].

2nd Means: “Endeavor to imprint in the hearts of children, especially little girls, a true devotion to the amiable little Mary. I exhort particularly fathers and mothers, teachers and all religious who apply themselves to the instruction of children, to persuade their charges to dedicate and consecrate their childhood and their whole life, to the honor of this gracious Child” [Excerpt due to length].

3rd Means: “Furnish clothing every year for one or more little girls in honor of the holy Child Mary, or, if you have the means, educate and provide for them, assuring yourself that whatever you do for these poor children in honor of the Child Mary, will be as agreeable to her as if you had done it to herself.

4th Means: “Fast or abstain on the vigils of the Immaculate Conception, the Nativity, and the Presentation, which are the principal feasts of Mary’s holy infancy.”

Sts. joachim and anne with Heavenly Daughter Mary

5th Means: “Consecrate to the honor of the lovely infancy of Mary the month beginning September eighth, and during this time perform all your actions in her honor. I shall repeat here the practice recommended by the sacred Virgin to St. Mechtilde, which is, to say during the octave of the Nativity the Hail Mary as many times as the blessed Babe remained days in the womb of her mother. She declared to St. Gertrude that those who would practice this devotion, would participate in heaven, in a very special manner, in the joys she had in this world, and will have eternally in heaven. By reciting, every day during the octave, thirty-five Hail Mary’s, you will make up the exact number of days the blessed Infant passed in the womb of St. Ann.”

6th Means: “During the above time dedicated to the holy infancy of the Mother of God, say daily the Litany of the holy Childhood.”

7th Means: “As the twenty-fifth of each month is dedicated to the honor of the adorable Child Jesus, the eighth of each month is dedicated to the amiable Child Mary. Do something on this day in her honor; communicate, give alms, say her Litany, or perform some act of piety or devotion. When a solemn feast falls on the eighth of the month, these practices should be deferred to some other day.”

8th Means: “There is a little chaplet in honor of the Divine Infant Jesus, composed of three Our Fathers followed by twelve Hail Mary’s. This chaplet may be said at the same time in honor of the holy Infant Mary.”

9th Means: Either say Holy Mass or have it said in honor of the sacred infancy of the Mother of the Savior, to thank the most Holy Trinity for all the graces bestowed upon this marvelous Child, and through her upon all the human race. For this purpose the Mass of the Immaculate Conception, or of the Nativity, the Holy Name of Mary, or the Presentation should be selected.”

10th Means: Have special devotion to St. Joachim and St. Ann, for they have given us our estimable Child. Honor them particularly on the days on which the Church celebrates their memory, and still more on the feasts of the infancy of their blessed daughter. Have also a great devotion to St. Gabriel, the Angel whom God appointed as Mary’s guardian.”

11th Means: “Have a strong and earnest will to imitate this blessed Child in all the holy virtues she practiced, for in this, above all, consists true devotion. “The sovereign and perfect devotion is to imitate what we honor,” says St. Augustine.

12th Means: Mediate upon the mysteries, the prerogatives and the virtues of the holy childhood of Mary. This is a means that renders imitation of our Model pleasant, easy and useful.

As we enter the octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we ask Mary to help us be like children before the throne of God. Let us offer these days in honor of Her Childhood and the Childhood of Our Lord Jesus Christ. O Holy Mother of God…Pray for Us.

Conflict Resolution in the Sacred Scriptures

Conflict Resolution Meme

Jesus said to his disciples: “If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have won over your brother.
If he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, so that ‘every fact may be established on the testimony of two or three witnesses.’ If he refuses to listen to them, tell the church. If he refuses to listen even to the church, then treat him as you would a Gentile or a tax collector. Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Again, amen, I say to you, if two of you agree on earth about anything for which they are to pray, it shall be granted to them by my heavenly Father. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them” (Mt. 18:15-20).

Feel free to share this post or use the meme on your social media sites.

17 Quotes from Blessed Teresa of Calcutta

Since today is the 17th anniversary of the death of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta, known to many around the world as Mother Teresa, I wanted to share with you 17 quotes from the great 20th century saint. Although her official Canonization is still in the process, there can be no doubt in anyone’s mind that she is in Heaven with Our Lord Jesus Christ, His Blessed Mother, the entire army of angels and saints.

The impact that she gave the world, not only in her witness to serve the poor, but also with the order she founded – The Missionaries of Charity – will be felt for decades to come. On nearly every continent, the Missionaries of Charity serve the poorest of the poor by being Jesus Christ to those who are less fortunate. They are essentially “Little Jesuses.” Please pray for the cause of the Canonization of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta and for the continued work of the Missionaries of Charity.

The indispensable wisdom of Mother Teresa…

1. “I knew that God wanted something from me. I was only twelve years old, living with my parents in Skopje, Yugoslavia (now Macedonia), when I first sensed the desired to become a nun. At that time there were some very good priests who helped boys and girls follow their vocation, according to God’s call. It was then that I realized that my call was to the poor.”

2. “I am Albanian by birth. Now I am a citizen of India. I am also a Catholic nun. In my work, I belong to the whole world. But in my heart, I belong to Christ.”

3. “True love causes pain. Jesus, in order to give us the proof of his love, died on the cross. A mother, in order to give birth to her baby, has to suffer. If you really love one another, you will not be able to avoid making sacrifices.”

4. “I always repeat that we Missionaries of Charity are not social workers. We may be doing social work, but we are really contemplatives right at the heart of the world. We are with Jesus twenty-four hours a day. We do everything for Jesus. We do it for Jesus.”

5. “Today is very fashionable to talk about the poor. Unfortunately, it is not fashionable to talk with them.”

6. “[To parents]: Try to put in the hearts of your children a love for home. Make them long to be with their families. So much sin could be avoided if our people loved their homes.”

7. “Young people, make a strong resolution today, that we will keep our purity pure, our chastity chaste, our virginity virgin! The greatest gift you can give to each other on the day of your wedding, or to God, on the day when you join the priesthood or religious life, is a pure heart, a pure body.”

8. “Prayer is as necessary as the air, as the blood in our bodies, as anything to keep us alive – to keep alive to the grace of God.”

mother teresa

9. “Holiness is not the luxury of the few; it is a simple duty for you and for me. We have been created for that. So let us be holy as Our Father in Heaven is holy.”

10. “One cannot expect to become a saint without paying the price, and the price is much renunciation, much temptation, much struggle and persecution, and all sorts of sacrifices. One cannot love God except at the cost of oneself.”

11. “Joy is very infectious. We will never know just how much a good simple smile can do. Be faithful in little things. Smile at one another. We must live beautifully.”

12. “The vocation of Our Lady was to accept Jesus into her life. She accepted being the handmaid of the Lord. Then in haste, she went to give Jesus to St. John the Baptist and his mother. Today the same living Jesus comes to us and we too, like Mary, must go in haste to give him to others.”

13. “Abortion destroys the image of God. It is the most terrible plague in our society, the greatest killer of love and peace. Those little children still unborn have been created for bigger things: to love and to be loved.”

14. “Death is the most decisive moment in human life. It is like our coronation: to die in peace with God.”

15. “Penance calls us away from sin and to God. It leads us away from mediocrity and to a life fervor, generosity, and sanctity.”

16. “I do not understand why some people are saying that women and men are exactly the same, and are denying the beautiful differences between men and women. All God’s gifts are good, but they are not all the same.”

17. “Do we believe that God’s love is infinitely more powerful, his mercy more tender than the evil of sin, than all the hatred, conflicts, and tensions that are dividing the world? Than the most powerful bombs and guns ever made by human hands and minds?”

It is my hope that you will share this post with your family and friends as well as copy and paste some of these quotes from this post and use them on your social media sites.

Blessed Teresa of Calcutta…Pray for the World and Pray for Us.

10 Books That Have Stayed With Me

Over the weekend, my friend Amanda asked me on Facebook to name the 10 Books That Have Stayed With Me over my lifetime so far. Like some of the other challenges making their way around the social media world, I found this one to be the most reflective and one that I could answer with some good insight.

For me, books are important. In my undergraduate years in the St. Ignatius Institute at the University of San Francisco, I probably read close to 110 books (not all cover to cover) in three years. It was an intense period of my early 20’s, but one I look at now with great admiration and accomplishment. If only I had the time to read some of those great books and authors nowadays. The list of books is astonishing. They really are the Great Books of Western Civilization.

The list below is in no particular order. You will notice that the Holy Bible and the Catechism of the Catholic Church are not listed in this particular list. The reason why they are not in this list is because they continue daily to play a role in my life where these books “have stayed with me” in a different way. Although one of the books is a book from the Scriptures, the theme has always impacted me.

What is also different in this blog post than on my original Facebook post is that I am going to explain why these books have “stayed with me.”

The Ten Books are:

1. The Odyssey by Homer. This is one of the first books I read in the St. Ignatius Institute in my Greek Literature course. Even at the early age of 20, I could see the elements of Christianity and particularly Catholicism in this work, even though Homer wrote it centuries before Christ. The one key theme that stands out for me: a quest to get home with joys, sufferings, and redemption.

2. Song of Songs (Old Testament Book) – Hopefully, if the Lord blesses me with the vocation of marriage someday, I will read this to my wife on our wedding night. After listening to Dr. John Bergsma’s lecture on this in Principle of Biblical Studies I at Franciscan, it was confirmed that my wife will hear this on our wedding night. I just love it! If you have never read it, then read it. It’s the inspired Word of God!

3. Man’s Search for Meaning by Victor Frankl. This is one of those life-changing books and it was for me as well. It really gives you insight into suffering since Victor Frankl was imprisoned in the Concentration Camp in Auschwitz. The underlining theme in this book is Hope. Even in the most treacherous situations, Hope can be a light in the darkness.

4. A Severe Mercy by Sheldon Vanauken. I read this book in my Nature of Love course in graduate school at Franciscan. We were told on the first day of class that this book is known to make grown men cry. In my pride, I said whatever. Well later that summer, I was in tears. It’s an amazing book on love, suffering, and death. This is a great love story, but the love has its flaws.

A large section of my personal library. There are other books as well.

A large section of my personal library. There are other books as well.

5. Saint Thomas Aquinas by G.K. Chesterton. This was the first book I had ever read by G.K. Chesterton. Although not a theologian, this is probably the best book written on St. Thomas Aquinas. Chesterton through his magnificent vocabulary and detail to imagery and verse brings the life of Thomas out of the pages and right into your heart and mind.

6. The Spirit of Catholicism by Karl Adam. Here is yet another book I read in graduate school at Franciscan. As I read this book sitting in the John Paul II Library, I kept pumping my fist in the air because it’s all about Catholicism and the beauty of the Catholic Church. I promote this book when I give talks. If you have a friend who is thinking about joining the Catholic Church, this is one of the books they must read. It’s brought some of the greatest Catholic theologians in the United States in union with Rome.

7. Crossing the Threshold of Hope by Pope St. John Paul II. This was the first book I read by Pope St. John Paul II. It impacted me so much that I went on to earn a Bachelors in Philosophy, and eventually attain a Masters in Theology. Overall, it’s a simple read compared to the many other documents written by JP2. This book was so early on in my studies, that it’s not even annotated.

8. Fides et Ratio by Pope St. John Paul II. There is one reason why this book is on this list – Pope St. John Paul II. It’s the document that solidified my understanding of faith and reason. It’s both philosophical and theological. A great read, but not easy to understand. I am still figuring out what everything means.

9. Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle. Aristotle is considered one of the greatest philosophers of the ancient world and my list would be insufficient without a work of his on it. Although I struggled dramatically through his Posterior Analytics, I devoured this book by him. I still quote it to this day and his understanding of ethics is unmatched. There is a reason why St. Albert the Great and St. Thomas Aquinas baptized and confirmed him in the Christian faith.

10. A Father Who Keeps His Promises by Scott Hahn. This was the first book that opened my eyes to the covenants in the Old Testament. When I first read this book in 2004, I would have never imagined that Dr. Scott Hahn would be my professor and academic advisor while at Franciscan. This book is a great read for anyone seeking to understand the covenants established by God in the Old Testament and eventually the New Testament with Jesus Christ.

Well there you have it…10 books that have stayed with me. The only factor is that 10 books were not easy since the Confessions by St. Augustine, Introduction to Mary by Mark Miravalle, many more documents by Pope St. John Paul II, the writings of C.S. Lewis, Pope Benedict XVI, and many others could be on this list.

So what you are your 10 books that have stayed with you? Tell us in the comment box below.