Quick Lessons from the Catechism: The Sacraments of Christian Initiation and RCIA

Last night, my first full year of overseeing the Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults and Adult Confirmation came to it’s conclusion. Although I oversaw RCIA and Adult Confirmation the previous year, this year I developed the curriculum and began and ended the year. Last year, we had a total of 10 Non-Catholics come into the Catholic Church with 13 Catholics receiving the Sacrament of Confirmation. This year we saw that number increase to 20 Non-Catholics with 8 Catholics receiving the Sacrament of Confirmation. And although we aren’t concerned with percentages, since the importance lies with the salvation of souls, we are very blessed to have so many entrust us with their sacramental preparation.

Source: Catholic Memes

Source: Catholic Memes

With this being said, I found today as excellent opportunity to share you very quickly what the Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches on the Sacraments of Christian Initiation. Today we won’t focus on Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Eucharist, since each need their own Quick Lessons from the Catechism, but for today we look at what the Sacraments of Christian are in general.

In paragraph 1212, the Catechism states,

The sacraments of Christian initiation – Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist – lay the foundations of every Christian life. “The sharing in the divine nature given to men through the grace of Christ bears a certain likeness to the origin, development, and nourishing of natural life. The faithful are born anew by Baptism, strengthened by the sacrament of Confirmation, and receive in the Eucharist the food of eternal life. By means of these sacraments of Christian initiation, they thus receive in increasing measure the treasures of the divine life and advance toward the perfection of charity.

The Catechism also teaches…

Christian initiation is accomplished by three sacraments together: Baptism which is the beginning of new life; Confirmation which is its strengthening; and the Eucharist which nourishes the disciple with Christ’s Body and Blood for his transformation in Christ [#1275].

Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you” (Mt 28:19-20) [#1276].

I ask you to please pray for all of the neophytes and fully initiated at my parish and the parishes across the world that were received into the Catholic Church this past Easter Vigil. I also ask for prayers for those individuals they are discerning whether or not to reach out to people like me at the parish seeking Baptism and full communion into the Catholic Church.

This blog post is dedicated to the RCIA and Adult Confirmation 2014-2015 Class at St. Mary Magdalene Catholic Church in Gilbert, AZ. 

“Mondays with Mary” – The Marian Section of My Personal Library

Someone recently asked me how many books on the Blessed Virgin Mary I have in my personal library at home and after thinking about it for a second, I said, a lot. With all kidding aside, at that very moment, I couldn’t tell them, but did go home and count them. As of today, and the Marian section is still being developed since there are some books I don’t have yet, I have thirty-five books on the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Although I have written on books before herehere, and here, it came to me as I was counting my Marian books that I have never shared with you the thirty-five books on the Blessed Virgin Mary. These books are not in any specific order nor are they ranked on importance. At the end of this list, I will share with you a few books that I don’t have yet, but plan on purchasing soon.

They are listed by title, author (compiler or editor), and publisher –

1. Maria: Pope Benedict XVI on the Mother of God, Ignatius Press.

2. Mary Co-redemptrix: Doctrinal Issues Today – Marian Authors, Queenship Publishing Company.

3. Contemporary Insights on a Fifth Marian Dogma – Mark Miravalle, S.T.D. [Editor], Queenship Publishing Company.

4. The Messages of The Lady of All Nations – Joseph Kunzli [Editor], Queenship Publishing Company.

5. Heart of the Message of Medjugorje – Mark Miravalle, S.T.D., Franciscan University Press.

6. Our Lady of Fatima – William Thomas Walsh, Image Books – Doubleday.

7. The Third Millennium: The Triumph of Our Lady, Rev. Msgr. Richard L. Carroll

8. Totus Tuus: John Paul II’s Program of Marian Consecration and Entrustment – Arthur Burton Calkins, Academy of the Immaculate

9. Our Lady of Guadalupe: Mother of the Civilization of Love – Carl Anderson & Msgr. Eduardo Chavez., Doubleday.

10. The Wonder of Guadalupe – Francis Johnston, Tan Books and Publishers.

11. “With Jesus”: The Story of Mary Co-Redemptrix – Mark Miravalle, Queenship Publishing.

12. Immaculate Conception and the Holy Spirit: The Marian Teachings of St. Maximilian Kolbe – Fr. H.M. Manteau – Bonamy, O.P., Marytown Press.

13. Preparation for Total Consecration according to Saint Louis Marie de Montfort, Montfort Publications.

14. Mary: Coredemptrix, Mediatrix, Advocate – Mark Miravalle, Queenship Publishing.

15. On the Immaculate Conception – Dom Prosper Gueranger, St. Michael’s Abbey Press.

16. Mother of Christ, Mother of the Church: Documents on the Blessed Virgin Mary – M. Jean Frisk, S.T.L., Pauline Books and Media.

17. Mary and the Fathers of the Church: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Patristic Thought – Luigi Gambero, Ignatius Press

18. Mariology: A Guide for Priests, Deacons, Seminarians, and Consecrated Persons – Mark Miravalle [Editor], Queenship Publishing.

19. The Wondrous Childhood of the Most Holy Mother of God – St. John Eudes, Preserving Christian Publications, Inc.

20. Introduction to Mary: The Heart of Marian Doctrine and Devotion – Mark Miravalle, Queenship Publishing.

Marian Books

21. The Sermons of St. Francis de Sales on Mary, Tan Books and Publishers

22. Our Lady and the Church – Hugo Rahner, S.J., Zaccheus Press.

23. Mary of Nazareth – Federico Suarez, Scepter.

24. Discovering Mary: Answers to Questions about the Mother of God – David Mills, Servant Books.

25. Our Lady of Guadalupe and the Conquest of Darkness – Warren H. Carroll, Christendom Press

26. Pray with the Heart! (Medugorje Manual of Prayer) – Fra Slavko Barbaric, Franciscan University Press

27. True Devotion to Mary – St. Louis de Montfort, Tan Books and Publishing

28. John Paul II’s Book of Mary – Margaret R. Bunson (compiled), Our Sunday Visitor Publishing.

29. Mary: The Church at the Source – Hans Urs Von Balthasar & Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI), Ignatius Press.

30. Rosarium Virginis Mariae (On the Most Holy Rosary) – Pope St. John Paul II, Pauline Books and Media

31. Hail, Holy Queen: The Mother of God in the Word of God – Scott Hahn, Doubleday.

32. Refuting the Attack on Mary: A Defense of Marian Doctrines – Father Mateo, Catholic Answers

33. The Secret of the Rosary, St. Louis de Montfort, Montfort Publications.

34. Mary for Today, Hans Urs Von Balthasar, Ignatius Press.

35. Seven Words of Jesus and Mary: Lessons from Cana and Calvary, Fulton J. Sheen, Ligouri/Triumph.

The books that are not in my library yet, but I hope to purchase soon are:

1. The World’s First Love – Fulton J. Sheen

2. Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary – St. Catherine Anne Emmerich

3. Mary-Virgin, Mother, and Queen: A Bible Study for Catholics – Fr. Mitch Pacwa

4. Mariology. Volume One. – M. J. Scheeben

If you have a book on the Blessed Virgin Mary that isn’t listed here, I would encourage you to write it below in the comment box. Please feel free, as always, to share this post on your social media outlets and with your family and friends.

Quick Lessons from the Catechism: Love For the Poor

Last night as I was checking my Twitter account, I came upon this article entitled, Barack Obama: Catholic and Evangelical Churches Care More About Abortion Than the Poor. As I read it and shook my head in disbelief, I found it the perfect opportunity to teach you what the Catholic Church actually teaches about service to the poor.

This current US Administration is so out of touch with the people of this country and has no understanding of history, or even current events (see the link at the very end). Remember the comments on the Crusades? Yeah, he was wrong then and he is wrong now. The overall issue is rooted in a lack of understanding – service to poor with love, defending human life at all stages, and standing up for traditional marriage – it’s all the same Truth!

When your view of the human person is distorted, as it is with many in this administration, everything else in the world is also distorted. Their worldview focuses on themselves (i.e. narcissism) and not on the human person and the common good. Not that they would do this, since it would disprove their arguments before they began, but maybe whoever is writing the speeches should actually do some research on what the Catholic Church teaches on these topics.

Before I descend deeper into this rabbit hole, which can be done easily talking about the lack of common sense we seem to witness on a daily basis, let’s focus on the topic at hand – the Love for the Poor as taught by the Catholic Church in the Catechism of the Catholic Church

God blesses those who come to the aid of the poor and rebukes those who turn away from them: “Give to him who begs from you, do not refuse him who would borrow from you”; “you received without pay, give without pay.” It is by what they have done for the poor that Jesus Christ will recognize his chosen ones. When “the poor have the good news preached to them,” it is the sign of Christ’s presence [#2443].

“The Church’s love for the poor . . . is a part of her constant tradition.” This love is inspired by the Gospel of the Beatitudes, of the poverty of Jesus, and of his concern for the poor.235 Love for the poor is even one of the motives for the duty of working so as to “be able to give to those in need.” It extends not only to material poverty but also to the many forms of cultural and religious poverty [#2444].

Love for the poor is incompatible with immoderate love of riches or their selfish use:

Come now, you rich, weep and howl for the miseries that are coming upon you. Your riches have rotted and your garments are moth-eaten. Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up treasure for the last days. Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, cry out; and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts. You have lived on the earth in luxury and in pleasure; you have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter. You have condemned, you have killed the righteous man; he does not resist you [#2445].

St. John Chrysostom vigorously recalls this: “Not to enable the poor to share in our goods is to steal from them and deprive them of life. The goods we possess are not ours, but theirs.” “The demands of justice must be satisfied first of all; that which is already due in justice is not to be offered as a gift of charity”:

When we attend to the needs of those in want, we give them what is theirs, not ours. More than performing works of mercy, we are paying a debt of justice [#2446].

The works of mercy are charitable actions by which we come to the aid of our neighbor in his spiritual and bodily necessities. Instructing, advising, consoling, comforting are spiritual works of mercy, as are forgiving and bearing wrongs patiently. The corporal works of mercy consist especially in feeding the hungry, sheltering the homeless, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and imprisoned, and burying the dead. Among all these, giving alms to the poor is one of the chief witnesses to fraternal charity: it is also a work of justice pleasing to God:

He who has two coats, let him share with him who has none and he who has food must do likewise. But give for alms those things which are within; and behold, everything is clean for you. If a brother or sister is ill-clad and in lack of daily food, and one of you says to them, “Go in peace, be warmed and filled,” without giving them the things needed for the body, what does it profit? [#2447]

“In its various forms – material deprivation, unjust oppression, physical and psychological illness and death – human misery is the obvious sign of the inherited condition of frailty and need for salvation in which man finds himself as a consequence of original sin. This misery elicited the compassion of Christ the Savior, who willingly took it upon himself and identified himself with the least of his brethren. Hence, those who are oppressed by poverty are the object of a preferential love on the part of the Church which, since her origin and in spite of the failings of many of her members, has not ceased to work for their relief, defense, and liberation through numerous works of charity which remain indispensable always and everywhere” [#2448].

Beginning with the Old Testament, all kinds of juridical measures (the jubilee year of forgiveness of debts, prohibition of loans at interest and the keeping of collateral, the obligation to tithe, the daily payment of the day-laborer, the right to glean vines and fields) answer the exhortation of Deuteronomy: “For the poor will never cease out of the land; therefore I command you, ‘You shall open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and to the poor in the land.'”Jesus makes these words his own: “The poor you always have with you, but you do not always have me.”In so doing he does not soften the vehemence of former oracles against “buying the poor for silver and the needy for a pair of sandals…,” but invites us to recognize his own presence in the poor who are his brethren:

When her mother reproached her for caring for the poor and the sick at home, St. Rose of Lima said to her: “When we serve the poor and the sick, we serve Jesus. We must not fail to help our neighbors, because in them we serve Jesus. [#2449].

I would encourage you to share this post with your family and friends, especially when dumb things are said that are not in-line what the Catholic Church actually teaches or says to the world. Also, if you didn’t know, the Catholic Church is the largest charitable organization in the world. See all the things Catholicism does to serve the poor here.


“Mondays with Mary” – 7 Quotes on Fatima from Pope St. John Paul II

It’s been a couple of years since I wrote about the great Marian feast known as Our Lady of Fatima, which is celebrated on May 13. And although I have quoted Pope St. John Paul II in the past here, along with his successors, I found it necessary to focus on more of the words from the Polish saint in regards to Fatima for this week’s feast.

It was on May 13, 1981 that the attempt on his life took place in St. Peter’s Square, as he made his ways through the throngs of people waiting to catch a glimpse of him. He attributes the bullet missing his heart by centimeters to the intercession of Our Lady of Fatima. As you might know, John Paul II had a major devotion to the Blessed Mother and also attributes many of the blessings in his life to her work in cooperation with Jesus Christ.

Now let us read some of the quotes from Pope St. John Paul II on Fatima. Most of these quotes come from his Fatima Address in 1982, unless otherwise noted.

Fatima Address, 1982

Fatima Address, 1982

1. “For how many children in the history of the Church has the Eucharist been a source of spiritual strength…there are many boys and girls among those declared by the Church to be saints or blessed…Mary, in the course of history, has not failed to show her motherly care for the little ones…think of…Lucia, Francisco, and Jacinta of Fatima.”– Letter to Children, 1994

2. “In harmony with the tradition of many centuries, the Lady of the message indicates the rosary, which be rightly be defined as ‘Mary’s prayer’: the prayer in which she feels particularly united with us.

3. “Consecrating the world to the Immaculate Heart of the Mother means returning beneath the cross of the Son. It means consecrating this world to the pierced heart of the Savior, bringing it back to the very source of its redemption. Redemption is always greater than man’s sin and the ‘sin of the world.’ The power of Redemption is infinitely superior to the whole range of evil in man and the world. The heart of Mary is aware of this, more than any other heart in the whole universe, visible, and invisible. And so she calls us. She not only calls us to be converted: she calls us to accept her motherly help to return to the source of redemption.”

4. “Motherhood means concern for the life of the child. Now, if Mary is the Mother of all mankind, than her concern for the life of man has universal extension. Mary’s maternity has its beginning in her maternal care for Christ.” – Insegnamenti, 1982

5. “Let us offer ourselves to God, through the Immaculate Heart of Mary, in the act of thanks and willingness; let us offer our sacrifices in union with Christ the Redeemer and, with our souls in prayer of atonement and conciliation, let us repeat: Lord Jesus, it is love of you, in reparation for sins and for the conversion of sinners.”

6. “The Blessed Virgin Mary, the first of the redeemed, the first to have been closely associated with the work of Redemption, will always be our guide and model.” – Rome Audience, 1983

7. “Motherhood means sharing in the life of the child. Since Mary is the mother of us all, her care for the life of man is universal. The care of a mother embraces her child totally. Mary’s motherhood has its beginning in her motherly care for Christ…In the light of the mystery of Mary’s spiritual motherhood, let us seek to understand the extraordinary message, which began on May 13, 1917, to resound throughout the world from Fatima, continuing for five months until October 13 of the same year.”

As we celebrate this great Marian feast, I would encourage you, as I always do to share this blog post as well as the quotes from Pope St. John Paul II on your media outlets. Also, let us pray for the intercession of Our Lady of Fatima, the now revealed secrets, and for the intercession of Pope St. John Paul II.

Our Lady of Fatima 2

Our Lady of Fatima…Pray For Us.

Pope St. John Paul II…Pray For Us.

“Mondays with Mary” – The Blessed Virgin in Sacred Art (3rd Anniversary & 150th post)

Today marks a very important day as a Catholic writer for me, for today is the third anniversary of “Mondays with Mary”, which coincides with the 150th blog post of the series. To be completely honest, I would have never thought that this series would last for three years nor did I ever think it would reach 150 posts. When I set out to begin this series in May 2012, it was initially designed to be a four-week series focusing on Mary during the Month of May after reading Blessed Pope Paul VI’s, Mense Maio.

As I look back on the three years of this series, along with the other series’ that I have written on this blog, as well as the many other blog posts, it’s truly been the Divine Will of God in all of it from the very beginning.

My ability and love of writing began with my entrance into the Masters in Theology program at Franciscan University of Steubenville, which in turn led to my Dad reading many of my papers, and since he thought my writing was as articulate and profound as the books he had read (maybe a slight bias since I am his son), it was Dad who encouraged me to start writing in the first place. Although he has left this Vale of Tears and watches over me and the rest of the family from a different plain on the other side of Heaven, I know he will be with me in the days, months, and years ahead, not just as I write but in general.

As we began the great Month of Mary a few days ago, I realized that although I have used a lot of Marian Art in my blog posts, I have yet to write on it specifically. Let me first say, as a disclaimer, that I have studied art in the past, however, I am by no means an expert, heck – I’m not even an amateur, but I do love Sacred Art as you would know if you have seen my home or office. Today’s blog post isn’t going to discuss the pieces of art as someone might examine an artist and their work, but it will focus on five pieces of Marian art and what those pieces give us in relation to Marian Theology. I only chose five, but there are countless Marian paintings.

The first piece is Raphael’s, Madonna of the Chair.

Madonna of the Chair - Raphael

This piece from Raphael (1483-1520) is the renowned and distinguished painting depicting Mary, Jesus, and an adolescent St. John the Baptist. Many see Mary’s perfect Motherhood in this painting as well as the Baptist’s role model for children, since he would prepare the way of the Lord. The legendary educator, Dr. Maria Montessori, used this painting as the icon for her children’s houses that would take her name.

The second piece is Roberto Feruzzi’s (1853-1934), Madonnina Little Mother.

Madonna of the Streets - Ferruzzi

As he walked through the streets of Venice one day, Feruzzi noticed an image before him of a young woman holding in her arms her baby brother. He was wrapped in a shawl and he was close to her bosom. He noticed that the girl, although young, was a witness of maternal care that only mature women know. Originally, the painting was called Madonnina Little Mother, however many today know it to be – Madonna of the Streets. It’s a beautiful painting of Mother Mary and her infant Son. One of the Women’s Household’s at Franciscan University of Steubenville bears this name.

The third piece is Bartolomeo Murillo’s (1618-1662), Immaculate Conception.

Immaculate Conception - Bartolomeo Murillo

In this painting we view Mary surrounded by the angels known as cherubim. They surround her for they are raptured with the holiness she displays through her Immaculate Conception. Blessed Pope Pius IX declared the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception solemn in 1854 through an infallible statement (ex cathedra). The definition reads –

“…We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.”

The fourth piece is Johann Georg Melchior Schmidtner’s (1625-1707), Mary Untier of Knots. 

Mary Untier of Knots

In this painting, we see Mary standing on a crescent moon and stepping on the head of the snake, most commonly represented as the serpent from the Garden of Eden. As the Holy Spirit remains above, with angels surrounding her, Mary as the Untier of Knots loosens and unties the knots given to humanity through the sin of Eve (and Adam) from the Fall of Man in Genesis 3. To learn more about this image made popular through the devotion of Pope Francis, please read my post – “Mondays with Mary” – Pope Francis on the “Faith of Mary.” There is also a novena to Mary under this title.

The fifth piece is Raphael’s, Madonna della Granduca.

Madonna dell Granduca - Raphael

Although Raphael has given the world many beautiful paintings, his most classic, and arguably, his most beautiful of Mary is the Madonna della Granduca. This image witnesses for the entire world the true love that the Mother has for her Son, while also showing the humanity of Jesus Christ in the arms of his immaculate young mother.

As we commemorate the Month of Mary, I would encourage you to share with your family and friends this post and the many others I have written for the sole purpose to explain to Catholics the importance that Mary plays in Salvation History as the Mother of God. Don’t be afraid to show her the exceptional veneration (hyperdulia) that the Church has authorized us to give her, never outweighing the adoration and glory of God.

I would also encourage purchasing the prints of these paintings and other paintings of Mary to display them in your residence as a witness to the beauty, love, and truth that is the Blessed Virgin Mary.

10 Quotes from The Treatise of Prayer by St. Catherine of Siena

Today is the feast day of St. Catherine of Siena, the Mystic of the Incarnate Word. Although she is well known for being a mediator of parties and for bringing the Papacy back to Rome after the 70 year Avignon “captivity”, her most famous writing is The Dialogue. The Dialogue, which was completed in 1370, is a document that focuses on four treatises – Divine Providence, Discretion, Prayer, and Obedience. The Dialogue was written by her own hands, to her secretaries, while she was in a state of ecstasy.

St. Catherine of Siena2

Here are 10 Quotes from The Treatise of Prayer…

1. “When the soul has passed through the doctrine of Christ crucified, with true love of virtue and hatred of vice, and has arrived at the house of self-knowledge and entered therein, she remains, with her door barred, in watching and constant prayer, separated entirely from the consolations of the world.”

2. “And so, with exercise in perseverance, she [the soul] will taste prayer in truth, and the food of the Blood of My only-begotten Son, and therefore I told you that some communicated virtually with the Body and Blood of Christ, although not sacramentally; that is, they communicate in the affection of charity, which they taste by means of holy prayer, little or much, according to the affection with which they pray.”

3. “Then this soul, yearning with very great desire, and rising as one intoxicated both by the union which she had had with God, and by what she had heard and tasted of the Supreme and Sweet Truth, yearned with grief over the ignorance of creatures, in that they did not know their Benefactor, or the affection of the love of God.”

4. “Then said the Supreme and Sweet Truth of God, “Oh, beloved and dearest daughter, you beg knowledge of the reasons and fruits of tears…These are the tears of damnation. The former are those of fear, and belong to men who abandon sin from fear of punishment, and weep for fear. The third are the tears of those who, having abandoned sin, are beginning to serve and taste Me, and weep for very sweetness; but since their love is imperfect, so also is their weeping, as I have told you. The fourth are the tears of those who have arrived at the perfect love of their neighbor, loving Me without any regard whatsoever for themselves. These weep and their weeping is perfect. The fifth are joined to the fourth and are tears of sweetness let fall with great peace, as I will explain to you. I will tell you also of the tears of fire, without bodily tears of the eyes, which satisfy those who often would desire to weep and cannot. And I wish you to know that all these various graces may exist in one soul, who, rising from fear and imperfect love, reaches perfect love in the unitive state.”

5. “I did not impose this law upon you, in order that My rational creature should be conquered by it, but in order that he should prove and increase the virtue of his soul, because virtue cannot be proved, except by its contrary. Sensuality is contrary to the spirit, and yet, by means of sensuality, the soul is able to prove the love which she has for Me, her Creator.”

6. “My Providence will never fail you, and every man, if he be humble, shall receive that which he is fit to receive; and every minister, that which I have given him to administer, each in his own way, according to what he has received and will receive from My goodness.”

7. “Wherefore, as I have said to you, I, God, have become man, and man has become God by the union of My Divine Nature with your human nature. This greatness is given in general to all rational creatures, but, among these I have especially chosen My ministers for the sake of your salvation, so that, through them, the Blood of the humble and immaculate Lamb, My only-begotten Son, may be administered to you.”

8. “By receiving this Sacrament she dwells in Me and I in her, as the fish in the sea, and the sea in the fish — thus do I dwell in the soul, and the soul in Me — the Sea Pacific. In that soul grace dwells, for, since she has received this Bread of Life in a state of grace, My grace remains in her, after the accidents of bread have been consumed.”

9. “They are My anointed ones, and I call them My Christs, because I have given them the office of administering Me to you, and have placed them like fragrant flowers in the mystical body of the holy Church. The angel himself has no such dignity, for I have given it to those men whom I have chosen for My ministers, and whom I have appointed as earthly angels in this life. In all souls I demand purity and charity, that they should love Me and their neighbor, helping him by the ministration of prayer…”

10. “You have soothed me because with Your love and gentleness You have manifested Yourself to me, Sweet above all sweetness, and have illuminated the eye of my intellect with the light of most holy faith, with which light, according as it has pleased You to manifest it to me, I have known the excellence of grace which You have given to the human race, administering to it the entire God-Man in the mystic body of the holy Church.”

Saint Catherine of Siena…Pray For Us.